People living in the US, might think that Chanukah is the major Jewish holiday, actually it is a very minor holiday. Shavuot is one of the three major festivals (the other two are Passover and Sukkot). In biblical days, Jews would travel from all over the Holy Land to Jerusalem to make a sacrifice at the Holy Temple on those three festivals.
Shavout celebrates the giving of the Torah at Mount Sinai, and is also known as Hag Matan Torateinu (the Festival of the Giving of Our Torah). Notice it says Giving of the Torah not receiving of the Torah. We believe that Jews are always receiving the Torah, learning its meanings, understanding the mitzvot,---so receiving doesn't work because every time is the time of receiving the Torah.
Interesting Facts about Shavuot:
- Mount Sinai: We are taught that Mount Sinai was chosen because it was a "modest sized mountain" Not only because, Moses was an old man when he had to climb the mountain (up and down 4 times), but because God wanted to show that you did not have to be large in stature to meet your potential. Another reason Sinai was chosen was because it was outside of the Holy Land. There are basic laws given at Sinai that should apply to all people, Don't Kill for instance, only if the law was given outside of the Holy Land could God legitimately say that these basic rules of how people should approach their lives apply to everyone.
- The Revelation. Think about it for a second, we are told there were 603,000 people at Sinai, to hear Gods words in God's voice.The first two of the Ten Commandments were also heard directly from God speaking to the Jewish people, and not through Moses as an intermediary. Jewish tradition explains that the experience was so powerful, that the Jews "died" from the impact -- their souls left their bodies from the force of the interaction, and God had to "revive" them. After this happened twice, the Jewish people said, "Enough! We're convinced - Moses can tell us the rest of them!" There is no religious event in the history of man kind where the presence of God was seen and heard by an entire nation.
- The First word of the Ten Commandments is in Egyptian. In the Torah Anochi (I am), is not in Hebrew but in Egyptian. Seven weeks ago these Israelites were slaves in Egypt, the Lord wanted them to feel comfortable, so he started with an Egyptian Word.
- Its not really the Ten Commandments, at least in Judaism. In Biblical Hebrew, the commandments are called עשרת הדברים (transliterated Aseret ha-Dvarîm) and in Rabbinical Hebrew עשרת הדברות (transliterated Aseret ha-Dibrot), both translatable as "the ten words" or "the ten things. While many Rabbis believe that all of the rest of the Commandments stem from these Ten, they also teach that all 613 commandments in the Torah are equal. Pirkei Avot, a book of the Mishnah, teaches "Be as meticulous in performing a 'minor' mitzvah as you are with a 'major' one, because you don't know what kind of reward you'll get for various mitzvot."
- Moses' Father-in-Law Gets Top Billing? The Name of the Parsha (weekly Torah reading) that the revelation occurs is not named after the Ten Commandments, it is called Yitro, after Moses' father-in-law who was not Jewish. There are only two Parshot in the Torah named after a non Jew so this is a big deal. At the beginning of this Parsha Yitro sits Moses down and explains to him how to delegate so he can spend more time with family. This teaches us two things, to God Shalom Ha-Bayit (peace in the House) is more important than anything, spending time with family is also God's work. It also teaches us that father-in-laws are supposed to butt in.
- All Night Study Sessions: Just before God gives us the Commandments, the Torah says, It came to pass on the third day when it was morning, that there were thunder claps and lightning flashes, and a thick cloud was upon the mountain, and a very powerful blast of a shofar, and the entire nation that was in the camp shuddered. The Rabbis interpret this as God was already on the top of the Mountain waiting for us, but we had overslept so the Lord had to "make a racket and wake us up" So on the first evening of the holiday we have a Tikkun Leil Shavuot (Repairing the Evening of Shavout). We spend all night studying Torah, to remember that we screwed up and overslept. We are showing God that we appreciate the Torah he gave us, and we are not going to oversleep again.
- Pizza, Blintzes and Ice Cream, Why Shavuot is my Favorite Jewish Holiday. When God was done with giving us the Torah that day, we were told that the Israelite people realized that their plates were not "Kosher." While they were making their plates and utensils Kosher, they ate only dairy. So....We DO TOO. That is 48 hours of Pizza, Blitzes and Cookies and Cream Ice Cream (any flavor is OK, that's Just my favorite). That's why Shavuot is my Favorite Jewish Holiday. The two days of Shavuot, are the only two day of the year you can tell your wife "Yes Honey, the doctor did tell me to lose weight, but this is not splurging, I am only eating this pint of Hagan-Daz because I am following God's Law...How Cool is that.
And as for those "Ten Words they are below (H/T GOD)
Then God said all these words: "I am ADONAI your God, who brought you out of the land of Egypt, out of the abode of slavery.
"You are to have no other gods before me.
You are not to make for yourselves a carved image or any kind of representation of anything in heaven above, on the earth beneath or in the water below the shoreline. You are not to bow down to them or serve them; for I, ADONAI your God, am a jealous God, punishing the children for the sins of the parents to the third and fourth generation of those who hate me, but displaying grace to the thousandth generation of those who love me and obey my mitzvot.
"You are not to use lightly the name of ADONAI your God, because ADONAI will not leave unpunished someone who uses his name lightly.
"Remember the day, Shabbat, to set it apart for God. You have six days to labor and do all your work, but the seventh day is a Shabbat for ADONAI your God. On it, you are not to do any kind of work -not you, your son or your daughter, not your male or female slave, not your livestock, and not the for eigner staying with you inside the gates to your property. For in six days, ADONAI made heaven and earth, the sea and everything in them; but on the seventh day he rested. This is why ADONAI blessed the day, Shabbat, and separated it for himself.
"Honor your father and mother, so that you may live long in the land which ADONAI your God is giving you.
"Do not murder.
"Do not commit adultery.
"Do not steal.
"Do not give false evidence against your neighbor.
"Do not covet your neighbor's house; do not covet your neighbor's wife, his male or female slave, his ox, his donkey or anything that belongs to your neighbor."