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Sunday, July 7, 2013
Egypt Should Be A Teachable Moment in World History
By Barry Rubin
Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, July 4, 2013
What has just happened in Egypt is an amazing story and its meaning for the region is earthshaking. The apparent tidal wave of advance for revolutionary Islamism has been flicked aside by the courage of millions of Egyptians but—let’s remember—it would have been futile if the army had not taken their side. Just as on this spot 150 years ago to the day, another such great battle ended in the preservation of the United States.
There are many lessons in this and here is a brief discussion. A cautionary note: We are far from out of the woods yet.
But before discussing that, it is positively important to take some I-told-you-so’s. I-told-you-so’s are valuable because they tell you who to listen to and who not to heed. They also reveal the real forces at work so that in future we can interpret things correctly. Understanding history and political events is not some matter of taking things in a disconnected way, as if things just happen. We must employ these discoveries to develop a coherent analysis. Or, to put it in one sentence, why do things happen.
Let me mention, however, two important points which better be understood if Western civilization is to survive and flourish, and other societies will advance. What has just happened in Egypt is truly a teachable moment and that should not be wasted by being lost in details.
First, not everything that exists in the imagination can be achieved. Wishful thinking is no guide to policy, Just because you desire something does not mean it will or can be achieved. The whole purpose of human logic is to estimate the odds and chances.
A three-state solution to the Israel-Palestinian conflict in which everyone lives in peace and harmony is desirable. It isn’t going to be achieved, at least for many decades. A democratic Middle East in which moderation rules over the region isn’t going to happen for a long time.
Karl Marx referred to revolutionaries as “heaven-stormers” but gravity and human nature does not concede such possibilities of instant transformation. It doesn’t end well as the Communist, fascist, Arab nationalist, and Third World radicalism stories show over and over.
The grasp cannot exceed the reach. Social conditions, history, ideas, experiences set limits and directions in human history. That doesn’t mean nothing good can happen but it is going to happen according to a serious estimate of reality. Of course, there are also accidents and places where things can turn out differently on the decision made by an individual.
Fundamental transformation is not an easy game.
There are certain times, of course, when, as some sources say, the losing of a horseshoe nail which unhorsed King Richard III was a turning point in English history at the Battle of Bosworth Field on August 22,1485. The fact that an arrow hit King Harold II of England in the eye at the Battle of Hastings on October 14, 1066, meant that the fate of England was altered from a Germanic to a French/Latin civilization.
The existence of great leaders==or terrible ones—can change the course of events, too. But why does a given leader or idea or movement appeal to large numbers of people at one time?
Second, though, within limits change of a positive nature is possible. That’s why one has to experiment and try. On these decisions and deeds many lives depend. The decision of American colonists to take on the strongest power in the world, Britain, in 1776 and that of Israeli leaders to declare independence in 1948 were risky ventures. Yet although outsiders might judge them more so, those involved realized that the attempt was not beyond the possibility of success.
But, again, you have to understand, with unflinching realism, the problems and the risks involved. This judgment is not a matter of ideology, of set and predetermined and unwavering blind belief. At a certain point, ideology gets in the way.
This is especially important for those who would make—or prevent—social change. Mao Zedong called this, “The concrete analysis of concrete conditions.”
When the mass media, educational system, opinion-makers, or decision-makers are paralyzed by ideology—of the do\s and don’ts of Political Correctness (which means the systematic enthronement of “well-intentioned” lies), the self-imposed blinkers will likely take the carriage off the cliff.
That happened to an incredible extent in Western analysis of Egypt. Among these factors were wishful thinking, the romance of extremism, the refusal to deal with unpleasant facts, and hidden parallels between the desire of some to fundamentally transform their own societies and quite different ones.
No, not all societies are alike. It should be self-evident that all men and women are created equal and that they are endowed by their Creator with certain rights. But it doesn’t mean that they think of these rights in the same way or define their goals in the same way. If you are going to believe in the cult of diversity, remember that some of the diverse people think that it be wonderful to kill you, oppress you, and use power to control your life.
Ideally, it is true that to secure these rights, governments were instituted among men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed. But that’s not the way it often works out. In fact, more often than not it isn’t the way that things work out.
Consequently, governments are also instituted to protect their citizens against those of a different opinion. Those governments should apply realpolitik as their duty.
Once the situation is clear—after the failure of appeasement of Germany in 1939, the evidence that the USSR was aggressive in 1946, the failure of the peace process and the launching of the Second Intifada war of terrorism in 2000, or the war of radical Islamism against the West on September 11, 2001—it is the duty of governments and public understanding to take heed of those facts.
It does not matter in the least how unpleasant these facts are or how contrary they may be to our prejudices or conventional wisdom or desires. Attention must be paid,
And, sorry, but if that means that popular totalitarian movements don’t get to enjoy the fruits of their election or military victories so that they can better wipe you out then so be it. So that government of the people, by the people, and for the people shall not perish from this earth. And one day, others can enjoy those benefits when conditions are ripe.
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Barry Rubin is director of the Global Research in International Affairs (GLORIA) Center and editor of the Middle East Review of International Affairs (MERIA) Journal. His latest book, Israel: An Introduction, has just been published by Yale University Press. Other recent books include The Israel-Arab Reader (seventh edition), The Long War for Freedom: The Arab Struggle for Democracy in the Middle East (Wiley), and The Truth About Syria (Palgrave-Macmillan). The website of the GLORIA Center and of his blog, Rubin Reports. His original articles are published at PJMedia.